Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by the development of brown or gray-brown patches, typically on the face. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun is a major trigger for melasma. UV rays can stimulate the production of melanin (pigment), leading to the development of patches. Hormones play a significant role in melasma. It is commonly associated with pregnancy, contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy.
There is NO cure for melasma, only management. A good place to start is with your family doctor and/or medical dermatologist
You might be interested in these options:
Sunscreen: first, avoid the sun as much as possible, and use a sunscreen
It's important to note that melasma can be a chronic condition, and management often requires ongoing sun protection and long-term targeted treatments.